Parents often ask if there is any way they can prevent their children from developing short-sightedness or short-sightedness, but the ophthalmologist answer is negative, although there may be ways to alleviate this common problem.
Myopia is a condition in which people see well up close, but the only way they can see things from a distance without getting close to them is by using glasses or contact lenses as well.
Myopia has increased globally recently, with experts suggesting that cell phones, computers and video games contribute to the spread of these numbers, according to Sight MD.
It turns out that people with high myopia have a higher risk of developing retinal diseases such as macular degeneration and retinal detachment, both of which may contribute to permanent vision loss.
While environmental factors play a clear role in myopia, genetics also have an influence.
Recent research has indicated that months of confinement caused by the Corona pandemic has accelerated the silent progression of myopia among young children.
A Canadian study that examined children’s physical activity and time spent outdoors and in front of screens in early 2020, found that 8-year-olds spent an average of more than 5 hours a day on screens for leisure, in addition to schoolwork.
In China, after five months of home confinement due to the pandemic, a local newspaper published an editorial entitled “2020, the year of myopia”.
Signs that you need to see an ophthalmologist
Symptoms of myopia listed by the Mayoclinic website may include:
Blurry vision when looking at distant objects.
The need to squint or partially close the eyelids to see clearly.
Headache caused by eye strain.
Difficulty seeing while driving, especially at night (nocturnal myopia).
Difficulty reading street signs
Myopia is often first discovered during childhood, and is most commonly diagnosed between the early school years through adolescence. A nearsighted child may show:
Sit near the TV, movie screen, or at the front of the classroom.
He seems unaware of distant objects.
Eye blinking excessively.
Rub the eyes frequently.
Causes of myopia
The cornea and lens are responsible for refracting the incoming light into the eye and focusing it into a clear image on the retina.
If the cornea or lens is not curved evenly and smoothly.
the light rays are not reflected properly, causing a refractive error.
The Myopa Institute notes that nearsightedness occurs when the cornea is severely curve or when the eyeball is longer than normal.
The American Myopia Institute recommends getting a regular eye exam from an ophthalmologist to test for refractive errors.
The main reason for this very high myopia appears to be the less time we spend outdoors.
compared to time indoors on activities that require a close sense of vision such as reading.
watching TV and using digital devices.
Eyes continue to develop in children until they finally settle into adulthood.
says ophthalmologist and president of Rebuild Your Vision, Tyler Sorensen.
Being outdoors during this growing period is not just about physical and mental health; But the health of children’s eyes.
If activities that occur near the eye are the only activities that developing eyes do.
it is not surprising that myopia develops.